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Friday, June 20, 2014

Pierre de Chaignon la Rose and the Mystery of Saint Edward's Seminary

"Friends of St. Edward State Park"
Pencil, by the author.

As I was searching the web for resources on la Rose's work, I came across a blog post from the Friends of Saint Edward State Park in Kenmore, Washington.  Once upon a time, there was a seminary founded by the Society of Saint Sulpice in the Archdiocese of Seattle.  The seminary was dedicated to Saint Edward the Confessor and la Rose was enlisted to devise arms for the school.  Constructed around 1931, the 316-acre property was to house the seminary.  It closed in 1977.  Now, the grounds have been turned into a state park and is supported by a group of local citizens.

Through some research, the group identified a drawing for arms executed by la Rose along with a letter, all of which are reportedly held in the archives of the archdiocese.

la Rose's draft shield for Saint Edward's Seminary
Source: Blog Posting of 31 Aug 2013

The blog posting from 31 August 2013 contains the following information from la Rose:
Saint Edward himself has a very beautiful coat ascribed him by the medieval heralds-apocryphal, of course, as he lived before the rise of personal heraldry, but still, an actual emblem which he used on his coinage: a cross with five martlets.  This in conjunction with the Sulpician emblem, I shall make the basis of a carefully studied design.
The arms ascribed to Saint Edward by the early heralds consist of a gold cross and five gold 'martlets' on a blue field.  The shapes and arrangement are the same as in my own drawing.  We may not use this coat unaltered, for to do so would imply, heraldically, that St. Edward was the Founder of the Seminary, instead of being simply its Patron.  I have therefore changed the coloring from blue and gold to red and silver - the colors of the diocesan arms. As for St. Edward's cross and martlets, they appear, as I think I told you, on his coins.  The significance of the birds I do not know, nor does anyone else.  In heraldry they are always shown as having no feet visible. 
On the Sulpician 'inescutcheon' you will note the crescent (of the Immaculate Conception) which distinguishes the American house of the society from the French. 
From a letter of Pierre de Chaignon La Rose, 13 February, 1931
That is all that is known about the tinctures.  I wanted to see if I could recreate these arms and bring them to life for the benefit of the friends society.  I took license with the ineschutcheon, opting for azure to represent the Blessed Virgin Mary (which the Sulpician monogram represents) but left the charges all in argent.  I opted to shade this in as silver rather than leaving them stark white.  The banner surrounding the shield can be found in another of la Rose's work, the arms of Rice University.  Since I could not fit in the entire name, "The Friends of Saint Edward State Park," I again used artistic license to get the point across.  I selected the date of 2007, represented by Roman numerals (for the Roman Catholic nature of the place), because this is the date the property was added to the National Register of Historic Places.

All in all, I love a challenge and enjoyed this.  While I'll never know if what I drew was correct in la Rose's mind, it doesn't much matter.  

I have created the following blazon:
Gules, a cross floury between five martlets argent; on an ineschutcheon azure, the Badge of the Society of Saint Sulpice in the United States of the second.

Tuesday, June 17, 2014

Heraldry In The Episcopal Church

Heraldry in the Episcopal Church 
by The Rev. Canon Eckford J. DeKay
(San Jose: Acorn Press, 1993).

In 2005, I had the heraldry itch.  I was serving on a parish vestry and interested in devising arms for the parish as part of a comprehensive marketing plan.  As I started my research and began looking for guidance, I acquired a copy of The Rev. Canon Eckford DeKay's monumental work, Heraldry in the Episcopal Church.  My copy is well worn now as I have gone back to it many, many times.    

The arms of The Rev. Canon Eckford J. DeKay (1923-2012)
Source: Heraldry in the Episcopal Church

Canon DeKay attended the Pomfret School in Conneticut before heading off to Cornell University.  He left Cornell to enlist in the US Army during World War II and was deployed in Europe.  Following service to his country, he graduated from Cornell and worked in Illinois.  I think he attended Nashotah House for seminary, but I cannot prove this.  He became Dean of Saint Paul's Cathedral in Springfield, Illinois--hence the three tassels in his arms.

DeKay's book, a mere 151 pages, illustrates more than 600 coats of arms, seals, and logos found throughout the Episcopal Church.  Dioceses and cathedrals get most of the book's attention, and when known, the history and designers of the arms are included.  

DeKay gives homage to the great heraldic designers who have given extraordinary gifts to the Episcopal Church:  Col. Harry D. Temple (US Army), Pierre de Chaignon de la Rose, The Rev. Canon John Andrew of St. Thomas Fifth Avenue, The Rev. Canon Edward N. West of the Cathedral of St. John the Divine, and Dr. James Waring McCrady of The University of the South.  

An example of DeKay's designs.
Source: Heraldry in the Episcopal Church

Arms of St. Clement's Pro-Cathedral, El Paso, Texas
Designed by The Rev. Canon Eckford J. DeKay
Source: Heraldry in the Episcopal Church

Arms of Trinity Cathedral, San Jose, California
Designed by The Rev. Canon Eckford J. DeKay
Source: Heraldry in the Episcopal Church

I've enjoyed this book immensely and even more interested to track down information on some of the great 20th Century heraldic designers of Episcopal Church heraldry.  

Saturday, June 14, 2014

Arms of The Rev. A. Hope Patten

The arms of The Rev. A. Hope Patten as found on his bookplate.

As I was scanning old files on my computer, I came across this photograph of a bookplate belonging to The Rev. Alfred Hope Patten (1885-1958), the English priest who was the man behind the restoration of the Anglican Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham.  I honestly think I got this photograph from a book that was being auctioned off on eBay which explains the quality.  Note the use of two black tassels from the gallero.

Nulla Pallescere Culpa roughly translates to "To turn pale at no crime."

To gain some more insight into Fr. Patten's arms, I've copied them in pencil and added the appropriate tinctures.

Copy of the arms of The Rev. Alfred Hope Patten, drawn by the author in pencil.

Monday, June 9, 2014

Heraldry of The Episcopal Church

The Arms of The Episcopal Church: argent a cross gules on a canton azure nine cross crosslets argent in saltire. 

What is more satisfying to any corporation than a highly recognizable brand?  Take for instance the arms of the Episcopal Church.  The brand may be familiar to most due in large part to the ever present "The Episcopal Church Welcomes You" signs found in many towns and cities across the country.  I believe these arms to be well executed, full of symbolism, and simply highly recognizable.  Maybe I'm biased having grown up in the Episcopal Church.

The General Convention of 1940, meeting in Kansas City, took up the question of of adopting a new flag to represent the national church.  On October 16, the Convention officially passed the resolution in both bodies. For added symbolism, the day was also the 251st anniversary of the General Convention's ratification of the Constitutions and Canons as well as the Book of Common Prayer (See An Episcopal Church Dictionary, edited by Donald Armentrout and Robert B. Slocum.  I was privileged to be in Don Armentrout's last class of juniors at the School of Theology.    

The design of the flag--thus becoming the shield as well--was the work of William M. Baldwin, a deputy to General Convention from the Diocese of Long Island and a member of the Cathedral of the Incarnation in Garden City, NY.  In the May 2003 edition of the Diocese of Long Island's newsletter, The Dominion, appears an insightful article written by Louise M. Baietto describing Baldwin's journey of discovery.
The history of the church flag, however, goes back to 1918 when the Diocese of Long Island celebrated its fiftieth anniversary. Bishop Frederick Burgess, second bishop of Long Island, appointed a committee to make plans for observing the anniversary and selected William M. Baldwin, a member of the Cathedral Chapter to head the committee. Among Mr. Baldwin's plans was a great procession through the grounds of the cathedral to precede the anniversary service. To heighten its color, he arranged with heraldic experts to design banners to be carried in the procession. There was a diocesan banner, three for the archdeaconries (then Brooklyn, Queens and Suffolk), 20 for the diocesan societies, and one for each parish and mission, a total of some 170 banners in all. The flags made the procession a "fine and picturesque sight," but the absence of a flag representing the Episcopal Church saddened Mr. Baldwin. Others agreed and the next Long Island diocesan convention petitioned General Convention which responded by establishing a Commission and appointing Mr. Baldwin as its secretary.
Story has it that when Mr. Baldwin presented his model of the flag to the General Convention, to his great disappointment, it proved to be too small and he was asked to present a full size replica. So he went shopping in Kansas City and purchased some Turkey red cotton, some pale blue material, a child's crib sheet; scissors and thimble, needles and thread, and in his hotel room that night, he and the Rev. Hubert S. Wood, later Dean of the Cathedral, worked diligently. The following day Mr. Baldwin triumphantly displayed the full size facsimile of the flag to the General Convention.
Mr. Baldwin was asked to give the original crib-sheet model to the archives of the National Cathedral in Washington D.C. but he said he would make them a duplicate, which he did, presenting the original, however, to the Cathedral of the Incarnation, his own church. When he died it covered his coffin during the burial service held in the cathedral, a fitting tribute to one who served on the Cathedral Chapter for 26 years and as a delegate to General Convention for five terms. Mr. Baldwin described the flag's design and symbolism in his own words: "The red cross is the oldest Christian symbol dating back to the third century. The white represents purity and the red the blood of the martyrs. The blue is ecclesiastical blue, light in color, and used in the clothing of the Blessed Virgin Mary and on this flag represents the human nature of our Lord which He got from His virgin mother. The nine cross-crosslets or Jerusalem crosses represent the nine dioceses that convened in Philadelphia in 1789 when the Constitution of the Protestant Episcopal Church was adopted with its House of Bishops and House of Clerical and Lay Deputies and the Book of Common Prayer. The nine cross-crosslets are set in the form of a St. Andrew's cross in memory of the fact that, to avoid swearing allegiance to the British Crown, Bishop-elect Samuel Seabury of Connecticut had to go to Scotland to be consecrated by Scottish bishops."
Mr. Baldwin's original "crib-sheet" model of the flag is in the archives of the Diocese of Long Island. It is our hope that it can be displayed at a future diocesan convention. (Episcopal Life/The Dominion, May 2003, Page F)

My rendering of the arms of The Episcopal Church painted on pine and mounted on a plaque. 

For further reading, I suggest "Heraldry of the American Episcopal Church," a brief summary of a talk given to the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society by the imminent Episcopal Church scholar, The Rev. Canon J. Robert Wright of the General Theological Seminary.

There is also a fairly comprehensive book by The Rev. Canon Eckford de Kay Heraldry in the Episcopal Church which illustrates numerous diocesan, cathedral, and society seals and coat amour found within the Episcopal Church.

Friday, June 6, 2014

Arms of the School of Theology, The University of the South

Arms of the School of Theology, The University of the South
Sewanee, Tennessee

As a follow up to my previous post regarding the Arms of the University of the South, I wanted to include those of my school there, the School of Theology.  The above photograph was taken from a framed work of art that prominently hangs in the student common room inside Hamilton Hall.  While I can see the artist's mark, I cannot identify who executed this rendering of the school's arms.  

The blazon for the arms of the School of Theology:

Shield:  Gules on a cross or surmounted by a Sewanee tressure counter-changed a crossed fleam sable; 

Crest:  Out of the coronet of a vidame a dove holding in its beak an olive branch proper;

Motto:  "Pius Doctus Utilis."

The arms carry forward the use of the university's crest and tressure.  The same principle, I believe, would also apply to the undergraduate college's arms.  According to Prof. J. Waring McCrady, the colors come from the arms of William Porcher DuBose (1836-1918) who served as the second Dean of the School of Theology.  See McCrady's article, "Completing the University's Heraldry," in Sewanee News March 1983, page 30.  The arms were adopted in 1982; however, just as the arms of the university never won widespread affection, these arms also languished.

The crossed fleam within these arms represent the patron saint of the seminary community, Saint Luke. Saint Luke was also the name of the seminary's first building on campus as well as the name of one of the chapels which can all be seen today.  The Gospel writer is attributed as a physician, hence the use of the fleam (a physician's implement for bleeding).  

The only other depiction of these arms can be found on the school's banner which stands in the narthex of the seminary's chapel, Chapel of the Apostles.  I can only hope that one day these arms would gain a more prominent place in the life of the school.  Sadly, one cannot find any reference to these or the university's arms online as they are all but overlooked in favor of the university's seal and word mark.    

My rendering of the school's arms painted on pine and mounted on a plaque.

Thursday, June 5, 2014

Arms of the University of the South

Arms of the University of the South
Sewanee, Tennessee 

"Completing the University's Heraldry," in the March 1983 edition of Sewanee News, the alumni magazine of the University of the South, is an excellent article detailing the evolution of the university's heraldry.  Written by Professor J. Waring McCrady C'59, the article illustrates how the university came to adopt armorial bearings for the university, its undergraduate college, and the School of Theology.  What strikes me as odd, at least, is that for such an English school, there is no mention of ever pursuing an honorary devisal of arms from the College of Arms in London.  Not that it matters.  I do believe that the designers of the arms did a fantastic job, and I suspect that Professor McCrady was the man behind it all.  Note that all the sepia drawings found in this post are clipped from McCrady's article.

The two elements that impress me the most in these arms are the 'Sewanee Tressure' and the Vidame's coronet.  While many are at least somewhat familiar with the double tressure changed and counterchanged with a fleur de lis (as found in the Royal Arms of Scotland), the Sewanee designers created something uniquely their own.  Moreover, the use of the Vidame's coronet, a symbolic gesture to the power of the laity is spot on.  I only wish that these arms were more widely appreciated and used.  

The blazon for the university's arms are: 

Shield:  Purpure a cross pall or overall a double tressure long-crossed and counter long-crossed counterchanged;

Crest:  Out of the coronet of a vidame, a dove holding in its beak an olive branch proper;

Supporters:  Dexter, a mountain goat argent; sinister, a heraldic tiger or;

Motto:  Ecce Quam Bonum.  "Behold How Good!" taken from Psalm 133: 1: "Ecce Quam Bonum Et Quam Iucundum Habitare Fratres In Unum." or "Behold How Good and Joyful a Thing it is for Brethren to Dwell Together in Unity." 

What is more interesting to note, however, is that the university's official seal (seen below) has a greater following among students and alumni than its cousin, the coat of arms.  McCrady wrote another great piece on the evolution of the university's seal in the March 1981 edition of Sewanee News.  "One permanent effect of the 125th anniversary [of the founding of the university]," writes McCrady, "is that amidst its celebration the University finally resolved a seventy-five year old question of Sewanee heraldry" (Sewanee News, March 1983, page 29).  Seals are employed by corporate bodies to officially stamp approval onto documents, diplomas, and so on.  Arms, at least in the American collegiate tradition, adorn all sorts of memorabilia.  At Sewanee, the Oxford of the South, that tradition is not so.  The seal takes primacy in the hearts and minds of most. 
The seal of the University of the South.

A rendering of the university's coat of arms with the chain appropriated from the seal.  According to McCrady, it was unofficial and used in the 1960's and 70's.  Evidence of this is found on a plaque located inside St. Augustine's Chapel (inside of All Saints' Chapel).

St. Augustine's Chapel.  Photo by the author, May 2014.

The DuBose plaque inside St. Augustine's given by the Tau Delta brothers of Delta Kappa Epsilon, August 18, 1978.  Photo by the author, May 2014.

Detail of the plaque.  From left to right:  unofficial arms of the university, the arms of Delta Kappa Epsilon, and the arms of William Porcher Du Bose.  Photo by the author, May 2014.

McCrady also illustrates another design for the university's arms, this time officially in use from 1957 to 1982.  The arms, below, came about as a result of pressure from one of the owning bishops' who was offended by the use of the university's seal on beer steins, etc.  Moreover, the university was nearing a centennial celebration and a provisional coat of arms was designed--a golden heraldic tiger on a purple field. During my recent trip to Sewanee, I discovered an interesting placement of these arms within All Saints' Chapel.  

The provision arms which lasted from 1957-1982.  

The provisional arms of the university impaled with those of The Episcopal Church.  Photo by the author, May 2014.

What I can only describe as the arms of the Chancellor of the University of the South is found in the Chancellor's stall to the viewer's left of the high altar in All Saints'.  I initially thought that this may be reserved for the Presiding Bishop, but that office is not officially connected with the university's charter.  This carved plaque is quite fascinating. Traditionally, a bishop who impales his arms with his diocese are ordered in the reverse--arms of the see in dexter and personal arms in sinister.  The primatial cross below the mitre represents the primacy of the university chancellor, a senior bishop from one of the owning dioceses.  I suspect that these arms were devised as a way to differentiate the chancellor's stall from those of the other owning bishops who likewise have their diocesan arms carved on plaques.    

The arms of the University of the South without supporters and mantling. 


The badge of the University of the South, most likely a play on Oxford University's use of the garter belt.

My rendering of the university's arms, painted on pine and mounted on a plaque.

A rare sighting in the Bookstore, a necktie with the arms of the university.  

Lastly, please click on the images below to read McCrady's article, March 1983 edition of the Sewanee News, pages 29-30.  He goes into greater depth and analysis.


Next up, the Arms of the School of Theology at The University of the South.

Wednesday, June 4, 2014

Heraldry and the like

Crest:  On a wreath a cardinal erased clutching in its beak a lilly seeded proper.
Assumed by the author, 1 June 2014.
Ever since my days as a student at Hampden-Sydney College, I have had a fascination with the subject of heraldry.  More specifically, I love the meaningful display of symbols which layers the history and stories of the person or corporation bearing those arms.  Hampden-Sydney received an honorary grant of arms from the College of Arms in London in 1976 as part of the college's bicentennial celebrations.  The heralds executed an attractive blazon which bears the symbols of both John Hampden and Algernon Sydney, for which the college is named.  Staring at these arms for four years made me curious to learn more about the arcane subject of heraldry.

I drew the crest above as part of my own assumption of arms.  Since there is no legal arms granting body in the US, any person who wishes to bear arms can and may do so--much like the medieval times.  I chose the cardinal as it represents the state of my birth (West Virginia) and my adopted home state (Virginia).  The cardinal, surprisingly, makes few appearances on coat amour and mainly in North America.  Personally, I find the cardinal to be quite noble.

Arms of the City of Fredericksburg, Virginia

Arms of Prince George County, Virginia

Arms of the Senate of Virginia

The lilly is a representation of my devotion to Our Lady of Walsingham and can be found in the grant of arms to the College of Guardians of the Holy House (Walsingham).

Arms of the Sanctuary School which features the shield referenced above.

The actual grant of arms to the College of Guardians by the College of Arms in London.

Detail of the Holy House which can be found in the canton azure.

Finally, the motto.  I had three criteria for this: 1) must be deeply meaningful, 2) must be original, and 3) must be in German.  Since I fancy "all things English," and knowing that my armorial bearings would reflect this, I wanted to ensure that Krouse-German heritage was honored.  "Ich Mache Recht," or simply "I make right," was the end result.  I could have an entire post on the deeply meaningful statement of how I make things right in my life.  I'll spare the reader.  I'm very happy with the design of the crest and its representation of me.  Now, if only I could come to some agreement on the blazon of the shield.  More to come.